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stirling castle

Stirling Castle
Castle Esplanade, Stirling FK8 1EJ

A visit to Stirling Castle is an essential part of any visit to central Scotland. For sheer magnificence as it sits on its high volcanic rock, it is visible for many miles in every direction.

Stirling Castle is Scotland’s grandest stronghold, the crucial strategic point in the Wars of Independence between Scotland and England, a home of the Scottish monarchs for half a millennium and also used as the backdrop for the film Braveheart.

The Castle towers above the River Forth and the medieval Stirling Bridge. The castle is well defended by cliffs on three sides and the rock itself has been used as a fortress probably since Roman times. Destroyed and rebuilt several times in the 13th and 14th centuries, it was close to great battles against the English during the Wars of Independence - Stirling Bridge in 1297 and Bannockburn in 1314.

Several Scottish kings and queens have been crowned at Stirling, including Mary Queen of Scots in 1543. There have been at least eight sieges of Stirling Castle, with the last in 1746, when Bonnie Prince Charlie unsuccessfully tried to take the castle.

The world’s oldest surviving football was discovered at Stirling Castle. It was found lodged in the rafters. Made around 1540, from a pig’s bladder and a leather skin. It is now held by the Smith Art Gallery and Museum in Stirling.

Go on and Visit Stirling!